Septoplasty is a functional surgical intervention aimed at correcting a deviated nasal septum that leads to nasal obstruction. It is performed by an ENT surgeon after a preoperative assessment and preliminary examinations. Septoplasty is indicated in case of deviation of the nasal septum causing discomfort or complications. It is performed under general anesthesia and is performed through the natural orifices, most often without an external scar. The nasal septum is repositioned without modifying the external framework, therefore without modifying the aesthetics of the nose.
Tests to do before
Before a septoplasty, several examinations are necessary to prepare the patient for the operation. The observation of the deviation of the nasal septum is carried out clinically by an otorhinolaryngological examination. Additional radiological examinations may be necessary, as well as an endoscopic examination if necessary.
The operation takes place under general anesthesia and lasts between 30 minutes and 1 hour and a half. It is performed through the natural orifices, most often without an external scar. The nasal septum is repositioned without modifying the external framework, therefore without modifying the aesthetics of the nose. She is remodeled and straightened. Septoplasty is a painless, quick and outpatient operation.
Risks and Complications
As with any surgery, septoplasty carries risks. The most common risks are bleeding, scabs in the nose, changes in the shape of the nose, damage to the septum, reduced olfactory sensation and infection. Other less common risks may include septal perforation, failure of outcome, persistent pain, nasal obstruction, adverse reaction to anesthesia, hematoma, and postoperative wheezing. However, most complications are rare and can be avoided by following the surgeon's instructions and taking the necessary precautions before and after the operation.
Post-operative care includes saline nose washes for 21 days through the splints, painkillers and antibiotics.
Recovery after septoplasty varies from patient to patient, but generally it takes about 7-10 days to fully recover. The results of the operation are appreciable approximately 7 days after the operation, when the splints are removed. However, complete healing requires about 2 months. Breathing is improved steadily and without discomfort after a period of between 3 and 6 months after the operation.
In conclusion, septoplasty is a functional surgical procedure that aims to correct a deviated nasal septum to improve breathing.